Penetration Testing is executed over a computing system, web application or software to detect all its vulnerabilities, break points and thereby develop stronger patches to prevent any leakage.
It is a voluntary intrusion into the system’s working so as to analyse how secure is the database against an actual attack attempting to breach the security walls. The reports of penetration testing are deeply analysed to design better defences and risk management strategies for the organisation.
Penetration testing, Pentest, or ethical hacking can be worked out manually as well as through various computer security specialized software available in the market; Metaspoilt, Wireshark, NMAP being a few of them.
However, merely leveraging pre-designed toolkits never achieve the objectives of penetration testing entirely. In order to practice full control over its security and sensitive information, an organisation must lay the foundations correctly-
An organization’s IT team should be proficiently equipped with minuscule details from the operating system to the TCP/IP protocols of the internet layers. Experts even suggest that installing Linux or other operating systems from scratch is the best way to guarantee privacy and security of business operations.
Some OS come attached with pre-integrated penetration testing toolkits such as Kali Linux on Debian, BackBox on Ubuntu etc.
External and Internal Infrastructure testing involves abusing open ports on all ranges, bypassing authentication mechanism, brute force attacks on VPN gateways, poisoning ARP by sending ARP messages to the LAN in use and more.
Attacks directed through Wireless Networks is another way to test if the network is protected against dummy access points.
While Penetration Testing is being practiced since the early 90s, developers and researchers ought to reskill their testing protocols with every new update and installation within the organisation’s network.